Cheat Sheet: Git
An overview of commands that can be useful when working with Git.
July 30, 2018
Visual Studio (both Code and 2017) has a nice set of tools to work with Git, but when it comes to more complex source control magic, I still prefer to roll my sleeves up and dive into the console. Here is my cheat sheet with commands that are not used that often, but come handy from time to time.
I started this cheat sheet based on a great article written by Michael Kohl. Go check it out, if you're interested in explanations and different variants of these commands.
Discard local changes:
git checkout -- <path>
Undo local commits:
git reset HEAD~2 # undo last 2 commits
Remove file from Git and file system:
git rm <filename>
Remove file from Git only:
git reset <filename>
git remove --cached <filename>
Change commit message of last commit:
git commit --amend -m "Changed message"
Add forgotten file to commit:
git add <filename> git commit --amend
Sync fork with upstream:
git remote -v # check git remote add upstream https://github.com/<org>/<repo>.git git fetch upstream git checkout master git merge upstream/master git push
Create annotated tag:
git tag -a v0.9.0 -m "Message for version 0.9.0" git push origin v0.9.0
git log --pretty=oneline git tag -a v1.2 9fceb02
Clone specific branch/tag
git clone <repo-url> --branch=work # branch git clone <repo-url> --branch=0.22 # tag
Clone into specific folder
git clone <repo-url> <path>
Found something inaccurate or plain wrong? Was this content helpful to you? Let me know!